19th Century Bread

The 19th Century was predominantly the Victorian Era with a wealth of commercially produced breads.  Most people would buy bread in local shops and bakeries.  The only people who generally baked their own bread at this time were people living in isolated communities.

With the introduction of efficient commercial ovens and kneeding troughs, Bakers were able to develop standard methods of bread production.  Baking bread in uniform tins in well controlled ovens gave an even batch production that was consistent for sale.

The development of railways allowed people to travel more easily than ever before.  With this freedom, the local and regional breads became more well known and with the development of new cook books and translations of French and Italian texts, the range of bread available at stores was expanding rapidly.

Irish soda farles

Assorted bread basket

The large white loaf, muffins, current bread, french batons and bread rolls are becoming commonplace.  Pikelets and oatcakes, hoagies and welshcakes were finding a place in the nation as a whole. By the latter part of the 19th century, the Devon split is a well known treat.  Cottage loaves were also made to maximize the amount of bread baked in a typical home range oven.


Download the following .pdf recipes

Devon Splits
Canadian Trail Bread
Onion Bread
Cottage Loaf

        Salt-Raising Bread - a practice that has potential health issues.


Modern Recipes

Historical Recipes

Bread Links

Useful Information

This part of the Bread Pages looks at the key recipes that were used in different periods of history.

The Earliest Bread
Egyptian Bread
Roman Bread
Saxon/Norse Bread
Medieval Bread
Monastic Bread
Tudor Bread
17th Century
18th Century
19th Century
The Great War
World War 2

Different Flours