The Potato is a tuberous root vegetable found naturally in the Central Americas from Uruguay in the south to the USA in the north. It is thought that the potato was domesticated in Peru about 5500 BC. It is now a widespread food crop throughout the world since the Spanish introduced the plant into Europe in the 1760s.
The Potato was used extensively in Ireland as a main staple food crop, but the lack of genetic diversity resulted in a blight infection which caused the Irish Potato Famine in 1845.
Mashed potato was used to make farls, a potato based bread baked on a griddle iron.